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Nougat - History
Almonds and honey and were used in Al-Andalus for the manufacture of many sweets. Currently much of the Spanish pastries (especially in southern regions) still retains much of this legacy with sweet and nougat or marzipan. In northern Africa also retains a traditional pastries based on honey and nuts.

Most scientists believe that the origin of nougat in the Arabian Peninsula, this theory is based on the treatise "De medicinis et CIBIS semplicibus" the eleventh century, written by an Arab physician, in which he speaks of "turun. The Arabs brought this dessert to the shores of the Mediterranean, particularly Spain and Italy. The Spanish version of nougat was born in the province of Alicante since around the fifteenth century during the reign of Charles V and was a famous sweet.

One of the first written mention the nougat found in the drama of playwright Lope de Rueda Sevilla THIEVES lackeys, published in 1541: the plot of the play is, in a quarrel between a master and his servants because they have eaten their pound Alicante nougat that were on the desk.

In 1582, a city of Alicante document states that from time immemorial, every year, the city of Alicante usual for the Christmas holidays, pay (..) their wages partly in cash and partly in a present that is given , a bushel of nougat (...).

With the passage of time the dessert was always used more in traditional celebrations and Christmas parties.

The anonymous Manual of Women in the sixteenth century, gives the first recipe that remains to make nougat. [3] In any case, the habit of taking Christmas nougat was spread all over Spain in the sixteenth century, at least among more affluent sectors of society.

A letter signed by Philip II in 1595 calls for lowering expenses, nougat That fig leaf for Christmas present, forbid and control that can not spend that my city [of Alicante] more than fifty pounds each year.

Over the centuries XV, XVI and XVII, nougat was made not only in Jijona but also in Alicante city. In time of Charles II, the interference of the guild of bakers in the city of Valencia grouped in the "College of Wax" on the regulation of the activity of Alicante nougat brought a lawsuit because they wanted to subject teachers and confectioners Alicante nougat their statutes. For this reason and because of the novelty that marked the chocolate, its production in Alicante largely disappeared, becoming since then Jijona, farthest from the guilds attention of Valencia, where the only major center of production of nougat.

In the "Chronicle of the Most Illustrious, Noble and Loyal City of Alicante" the dean Bendicho written in the seventeenth century, says The nougat is commonly said of Alicante Made only from honey and almonds, white stripes look like their pieces. While the beginning and toasted egg yolk.

Apparently, sugar was an ingredient started to add more late, and you start to mention for making nougat only from the eighteenth century, coinciding with the massive planting of sugarcane in America and the extension of free trade with America to a greater number of Spanish ports including the port of Alicante. From this period is called nougat and the brittle snow.

In the province of Valencia, in 1881, with the arrival of the production of sugared almonds in the Valencian town of Casinos, the artisanal production began first in the nougat variety yolk, egg toast, hard and soft almond, marzipan and nougat . Today, casinos are the main reference point of craftsmanship in the province of Valencia for its famous sugared almonds and nougat.

Currently, Spain is the world's leading producer of nougat, marzipan and Christmas sweets. In 1992, it exported 1,400 tons of nougat Jijona almost exclusively to Latin America. They are also very successful in penetrating the Far East and Japan and even in countries with strong export tradition of sweets such as Britain, Germany and France.
 
 
 
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Partida de Segorb, S/N, Jijona, Alicante 03100
t: 965 611 461 f: 965 613 092
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